閲嶅簡鐧惧悰寰嬪笀浜嬪姟鎵€-满贯捕鱼

褰撳墠浣嶇疆锛?/b>鏅鸿瘑涓庝汉鏂囬椤?/a>>鏍忕洰>鐧惧悰涓撴爮
瀛欐笣涓荤瑪
璇汇€婄編鍥介櫡闃便€?/dt>
2019骞?9鏈?0鏃?/span>闃呰3028
鎾版枃瀛欐笣锛堝緥甯堬級
缈诲紑鐨€堕瞾榻愮殑銆婄編鍥介櫡闃便€嬶紝灏卞惉鍒颁粬鐥涜嫤鐨勫懟鍚?

涓€

 

姣忎釜浜虹殑鐪奸噷鏈変笉鍚岀殑缇庡埄鍧氾紝姝e姣忎釜浜虹殑鐪奸噷鏈変笉鍚岀殑娉曞叞瑗裤€傞矞鑺憋紵鐙楀睅锛熸涔夛紵閭伓锛?/span>鈥︹€︽瘡鍙栧喅浜庝綘鐪嬪埌浜嗕粈涔堬紝鎴栫粡鍘嗕簡浠€涔堛€傚湪娉曞浗浜虹毊鑰堕瞾榻愮溂閲岋紝缇庡浗灏辨槸涓€涓嚟鐑樼儤鐨勫浗搴︼紝涓嶄粎鐪嬪畧鎵€濡傛锛屾硶闄㈠姝わ紝鐢氳嚦杩炰粬鐨勫徃娉曞埗搴︼紝涔熶笉杩囧姝ゃ€?/span>

 

 

娉曞浗鏄編鍥界殑鐩熷弸锛岀毊鑰堕瞾榻愭槸娉曞浗鐨勫瓙姘戙€傜編鍥芥€庝箞浼氱粰涓€涓弸閭︾殑瀛愭皯锛岀暀涓嬪姝ゆ伓鍔g殑鍗拌薄锛?/span>

 

缈诲紑鐨€堕瞾榻愮殑銆婄編鍥介櫡闃便€嬶紝灏卞惉鍒颁粬鐥涜嫤鐨勫懟鍚熴€?/span>

 

浜嬪彂鏃讹紝鐨€堕瞾榻愮郴娉曞浗闃垮皵鏂€氶攨鐐夐儴鐨勮礋璐d汉銆?/span>2013骞?/span>4鏈?/span>14鏃ユ櫄涓?/span>8鐐规暣锛屼粬涔樺潗鐨勫浗闄呰埅鐝檷钀藉湪绾界害鑲凹杩浗闄呮満鍦恒€傜敨涓€璺ㄥ嚭鏈鸿埍闂紝灏氬湪鈥滃浗闄呭尯鍩熲€濈殑鑸锋闂达紝渚胯缇庡浗鑱旈偊璋冩煡灞€鐨勬帰鍛橀€崟銆?/span>

 

鍦ㄨ仈閭﹁皟鏌ュ眬鐨勫璁锛岀毊鑰堕瞾榻愯妫€瀵熷畼鍛婄煡锛氬洜闃垮皵鏂€氭秹瀚岃璐跨姱缃紝浠栦綔涓哄叾涓殑鍙備笌鑰咃紝琚寚鎺у湪濉旀媺缃曞彂鐢电珯椤圭洰涓悜涓€浣嶅嵃搴﹀凹瑗夸簹璁憳琛岃纯锛岃繖灞炰簬鍚戝鍥藉叕鑱屼汉鍛樿璐匡紝鍦ㄧ編鍥姐€婂弽娴峰鑵愯触娉曘€嬬殑绠¤緰鑼冨洿涔嬪唴銆?/span>

 

涓€鍦虹編寮忚瘔璁煎氨姝ゆ彮骞曪紝瀵圭毊鑰堕瞾榻愯€岃█锛屼豢浣涚┛瓒婂埌浜嗕竴閮ㄧ數褰变腑銆?/span>

 

鍜屾儻鐘笉鍚岋紝鏅€氫汉鍏ョ嫳鍚庣殑鍒濆锛屽線寰€鏄埢楠ㄩ摥蹇冪殑锛?/span>鈥滅獊鐒讹紝鎴戞垚浜嗕竴鍙帀杩涢櫡闃遍噷鐨勫洶鍏姐€傛垜琚揩绌夸笂浜嗘鑹茬殑杩炰綋琛o紝鎵嬭剼琚甫涓婇暎閾愶紝鎴戝嚑涔庢棤娉曡璧帮紝涔熸棤娉曞懠鍚革紝鐗㈡埧閲屽讥婕潃鎭惰嚟鐨勬皵鍛筹紝鐙獎鐨勭┖闂翠护浜虹獟鎭紝鍥涘懆涓€鐗囨紗榛戯紝闅愮害鍙椈鍜掗獋澹板拰鍙枈澹帮紝鐪嬫潵鏁村眰妤肩殑浜洪兘鍦ㄤ簰鐩稿幃鎵擄紝鑷浉娈嬫潃銆傝嚜琚叧鎶煎悗锛屾垜绮掔背鏈繘锛屾淮姘存湭娌撅紝鏃犳硶鍏ョ湢銆傗€?/span>

 

浠呬粎鍦ㄥ嚑涓皬鏃朵箣鍓嶏紝鐨€堕瞾榻愪綔涓轰竴瀹朵笘鐣岀骇鍏徃鐨勯珮绠★紝杩樺潗鍦ㄥ晢鍔¤埍鎯剰鍦板惉鐫€闊充箰銆傚叾瀹炶繖鏍风殑鍙嶅樊骞朵笉浠ゆ垜鎯婅锛屾瘯绔熻繖浜涘勾瑙佽繃涓€浜涗笘闈紝鐩告瘮鈥滃父濮斺€濅箣绫荤殑璐典汉涓€澶滀箣闂存拨涓洪樁涓嬪洑锛岃繖绠椾笉涓婁粈涔堚€滅┛瓒娾€濓紝鍙洜浜嬪彂绐佺劧锛屼粬鎰熷埌涓嶉€傚簲缃簡銆傝嚦浜庣墷鐙变箣鑻︼紝涔熷苟闈炵編鍥界嫭鏈夛紝瓒婃槸鍏诲皧澶勪紭鐨勪汉锛岃秺鑳戒綋鍛冲叾涓殑鍒囪偆涔嬬棝锛岀敱濂㈠強淇殑杞崲锛屼笉鍟诲啺鐏袱閲嶅ぉ銆傚紩鎴戞敞鐩殑锛屽€掓槸閭h剼闀o紝鐩栨棩甯告墍瑙侊紝鍙湁姝诲垜鐘墠浼氳幏姝ゅ緟閬囷紝濂楀湪鈥滅櫧棰嗙姱缃€濈殑瀚岀枒浜鸿剼涓婏紝浼间箮鏄惧緱绮楅瞾銆傝€屾墍鏈夎繖涓€鍒囷紝鍧囧彂杞簬缇庡浗銆婂弽娴峰鑵愯触娉曘€嬧€斺€旇繖璁╂垜鎰熷埌濂藉銆?/span>

 

鏈変釜缁嗚妭浠や汉鍗拌薄娣卞埢锛屽湪琚€佸線鐪嬪畧鎵€涔嬪墠鐨勭煭鏆傝闂腑锛岀毊鑰堕瞾榻愯幏鍑嗕笌澶栫晫閫氳瘽銆備簬鎴戠湅鏉ワ紝鐩告瘮鐭椂闂村唴绮掔背鏈繘锛屾淮姘存湭娌撅紝杩欓」鏉冨埄鏄惧緱寮ヨ冻鐝嶈吹銆?/span>

                     

浜?/span>

绋嬪簭杩涘睍绁為€熴€傛鏃ワ紝鐨€堕瞾榻愮珯鍦ㄤ簡娉曞涵涓婏紝鐢辨硶瀹樹富鎸佷繚閲婅亞璁€傜粡杩囦竴鐣攪鏋垖鎴橈紝闃垮皵鏂€氫负鐨皬寤惰仒鐨勫緥甯堝洜鈥滃垜娉曟柟闈㈢殑缁忛獙涓€鐗囩┖鐧解€濓紝涓嶆晫鑰侀亾鐨勬瀵熷畼锛岃嚧鑾烽噴鐨勬効鏈涘寲涓烘场褰便€?/span>

 

鎺ヤ笅鏉ユ槸婕暱鐨勯搧绐楃敓娑紝鐩稿叧鍙欒堪鍙互浣滀负缇庡浗鍒戜簨璇夎娉曠殑鏁欏妗堜緥銆?/span>

 

鐨€堕瞾榻愯鍏虫娂鍦ㄦ€€浜氱壒鐪嬪畧鎵€锛屼竴搴ф垝澶囨.涓ョ殑缇佹娂涓績銆傝繖鏄竴瀹剁敱绉佽惀鍏徃鍙楁墭绠$悊鐨勭湅瀹堟墍锛岄櫎浜嗘湁闄愮殑楗按鍜岃鐪嬬數瑙嗙敾闈㈡槸鍏嶈垂鐨勶紝鍏朵粬涓€鍒囩敤鍝侊紝鍖呮嫭椋熺墿鍜岃€虫満鍧囬渶浠橀挶璐拱銆?/span>鈥斺€旇繖鏄竴瀹剁钀ョ湅瀹堟墍锛屼篃鏄竴瀹剁壒娈婁紒涓氾紝浠庝汉鐘韩涓婅禋閽辨槸瀹冪殑涓昏惀涓氬姟銆傚浜庢鏃犵粡楠岀殑鐨€堕瞾榻愭潵璇达紝涓€鍒囬兘鑰崇洰涓€鏂帮紝涓€鍒囬兘鑻︿笉鍫█锛屸€滄瘡涓皬鏃堕兘婕暱寰楁病鏈夊敖澶粹€濄€?/span>

 

鐒惰€岋紝杩欑鎵€璋?/span>鈥滆嫤鈥濓紝骞朵笉鏄垜璁€间緵涔嬭嫤锛屼篃涓嶆槸鐤插姵瀹¤涔嬭嫤銆備簨瀹炰笂锛屼粠鐨€堕瞾榻愯鎶撶殑绗竴涓櫄涓婂紑濮嬶紝妫€瀵熷畼灏卞凡缁忕櫥鍦猴紝闄や簡灞ヨ鍛婄煡涔夊姟澶栵紝骞舵湭瀵圭姱缃珜鐤戜汉杩涜鍍忔牱鐨勫璁紝涔嬪悗涔熸病鏈夎幏鍙栧彛渚涚殑浠讳綍灏濊瘯锛屼粬浠技涔庡姝ゆ鏃犲叴瓒o紝鍙鎺ф柟鍦ㄦ涔嬪墠宸茬粡鍋氳冻浜嗗姛璇俱€備笌涔嬬浉鍏崇殑鏄紝鐨€堕瞾榻愬緢蹇敹鍒颁簡璧疯瘔涔︽憳瑕侊紝骞惰兘澶熼€氳繃鐪嬪畧鎵€鐨勭數鑴戞煡闃呮帶鏂规彁渚涚殑璇佹嵁鍜屼笌鏈鐩稿叧鐨勬硶寰嬭祫璁紝浠栬嚜宸变篃鎵胯锛氣€滅編鍥藉徃娉曠殑鍞竴濂藉灏辨槸閫忔槑鈥濄€?/span>

 

鏈€鍒濈殑鍑犳搴锛岄兘鏄洿缁曚繚閲婂睍寮€銆傛瀵熷畼宸插皢淇濋噴閲戝紑鍒板ぉ浠凤紝鑰屾硶瀹樿繕鍦ㄥ眰灞傚姞鐮侊紝杩欒鐨€堕瞾榻愭劅瑙夊埌锛岀編鍥界殑鍙告硶灏辨槸涓€绉?/span>鈥滅敓鎰忊€濄€?/span>

 

绋嬪簭鐨勬帹杩涗緷鐒剁閫熴€傝繖涓€绗?/span>鈥滅敓鎰忊€濆皻鏈垚浜わ紝鍙︿竴绗斺€滅敓鎰忊€濆凡缁忔帴韪佃€岃嚦銆傛瀵熷畼鍚戠毊鑰堕瞾榻愬紑鍑轰簡鈥滆京璇変氦鏄撯€濈殑鏉′欢锛氳涔堣缃崲鍙栬交鍒戯紝瑕佷箞椤芥姉鍒板簳鎵垮彈琚垽125骞寸洃绂佺殑椋庨櫓銆傝€屽緥甯堢粰浠栫殑寤鸿鏄€滃潶鐧戒粠瀹解€濄€傝繖璁╃毊鑰堕瞾榻愬嚑杩戝穿婧冦€?/span>

 

鐪嬪畧鎵€濡傚悓涓€鎵€澶у锛岄€氳繃鐙卞弸鐨勭幇韬娉曪紝鐨€堕瞾榻愯幏寰椾簡寰堝鏂扮煡锛岃濡傦紝鍦ㄧ編鍥界殑鍒戜簨璇夎涓紝缁濆ぇ閮ㄥ垎妗堜欢浼氫互鈥滆京璇変氦鏄撯€濈殑鏂瑰紡缁撴銆傞€氬父锛屾瀵熷畼浼氭牴鎹€婄編鍥借仈閭﹂噺鍒戞寚鍗椼€嬭绠楀嚭浠や汉鐢熺晱鐨勮秴闀垮垜鏈熶綔涓哄▉鎱戯紝鐒跺悗浠ヤ竴浠借緝鐭垜鏈熺殑閲忓垜寤鸿浣滀负璇遍サ锛屾崲鍙栬鍛婁汉鐨勮缃€傝揪鎴愪氦鏄撳悗锛岃鍛婁汉鍦ㄦ硶搴笂灏嗕互涓嶇敵杈┿€佷笉涓婅瘔鐨勫э鎬佺ず浜恒€備篃鍥犳锛屽湪妫€瀵熷畼鎻愯捣鐨勫垜浜嬭瘔璁间腑锛屾帶鏂圭殑鑳滆瘔鐜囬珮杈?span>98.5%銆?/span>

 

濡傛灉琚憡浜烘嫆涓嶈缃紝閫夋嫨涓庢瀵熷畼瀵圭翱鍏爞锛屼笉浠呮剰鍛崇潃閾よ€岃蛋闄╋紝浠ヨ嚜宸辩殑鏈潵鐜?/span>鈥滀縿缃楁柉杞洏璧屸€濓紝鑰屼笖灏嗕粯鍑烘槀璐电殑缁忔祹浠d环銆備互鏈涓轰緥锛屾帶鏂规敹闆嗕簡150涓囦唤涔﹁瘉锛屽鏋滀竴涓汉闃呰锛屽氨绠椾竴鍒嗛挓鑳界湅涓€浠斤紝鍏ㄩ儴璇诲畬闇€瑕?/span>68骞淬€傚緥甯堝憡璇夌毊鑰堕瞾榻愶紝鍋囪浠栭€夋嫨鏃犵姜杈╂姢锛岄渶瑕佽€楄祫鏁扮櫨涓囩編鍏冩墠鑳藉仛鍒般€?/span>

 

闈㈠寮哄ぇ鐨勫浗瀹舵満鍣ㄥ拰鏄傝吹鐨勮瘔璁兼垚鏈紝鐨€堕瞾榻愯杩斁寮冧簡鎶垫姉銆?/span>

 

涓?/span>

 

1977骞达紝缇庡浗璇佸埜浜ゆ槗濮斿憳浼氬湪涓€浠藉悕涓恒€婂彲鐤戜笌闈炴硶浼佷笟鏀粯琛屼负銆嬬殑鎶ュ憡涓紝鎶湶浜?/span>400瀹剁編鍥藉叕鍙搁€氳繃璐胯祩澶栧浗鏀垮簻瀹樺憳浠ヨ幏鍙栨捣澶栦笟鍔$殑涓戦椈锛屽紩璧锋湞閲庤€稿姩銆傚悓骞达紝缇庡浗鍥戒細浠ョ粷瀵逛紭鍔块€氳繃銆婂弽娴峰鑵愯触娉曘€嬶紙fcpa锛?/span>,鏃ㄥ湪閬忓埗瀵瑰鍥藉畼鍛樼殑琛岃纯琛屼负锛岄噸寤哄叕浼楀缇庡浗鍟嗕笟绯荤粺鐨勪俊蹇冦€?/span>

 

fcpa鐨勫嚭鍙颁护缇庡浗鐨勮涓氬法鎿樻€ㄥ0杞介亾锛屼粬浠涓鸿繖绉嶅崟鍚戠殑绾︽潫鎹熷繁鍒╀汉锛屾棤寮備簬璁┾€滄埓鐫€闀i搻鈥濈殑缇庡浗鍏徃涓庘€滅敥寮€鑶€瀛愨€濈殑瀵规墜绔炰簤銆傛嵁缇庡浗鐨勫晢鍔′唬琛?/span>michael kantor鍦ㄤ竴浠芥姤鍛婁腑绉帮細鍦?/span>1995骞达紝浠呭け鍘昏鍗曚竴椤癸紝缇庡浗灏辨崯澶变簡澶х害45浜跨編鍏冦€備负姝わ紝浠栦滑涓嶉仐浣欏姏鎺ㄥ姩鍥戒細淇硶锛屼互鏈熻祴浜堣繖閮ㄦ硶寰嬪煙澶栨晥鍔涳紝璁╁叏鐞冪殑鐢熸剰浜哄彈鍒朵簬鐩稿悓鐨勬父鎴忚鍒欍€?/span>

 

1998骞达紝缇庡浗鍙傝闄㈡壒鍑嗕簡鐢?/span>33涓浗瀹讹紙缁忓悎缁勭粐锛夊湪宸撮粠绛剧讲鐨勩€婄姝㈠湪鍥介檯鍟嗕笟浜ゆ槗涓纯璧傚鍥藉叕鑱屼汉鍛樺叕绾︺€嬶紝璇ュ叕绾﹁姹傚悇缂旂害鍥戒互绔嬫硶鐨勬柟寮忥紝灏嗕换浣曚汉锛堟棤璁烘槸鏈浗浜鸿繕鏄鍥戒汉锛涙棤璁烘槸鏈浗鍏徃杩樻槸澶栧浗鍏徃锛夎纯璧傚鍥藉叕鑱屼汉鍛樼殑琛屼负瑙勫畾涓虹姱缃紝骞惰浣垮睘鍦扮杈栨潈鍜屽睘浜虹杈栨潈銆傚悓骞达紝缇庡浗渚濇嵁涓婅堪鍏害鍒惰浜嗐€婂浗闄呭弽璐胯祩鍜屽叕骞崇珵浜夋硶銆嬶紝绫嶆淇敼浜嗕箣鍓嶇殑銆婂弽娴峰鑵愯触娉曘€嬶紝棣栨灏?/span>fcpa鐨勯€傜敤瀵硅薄鎵╁睍鑷冲鍥藉叕鍙革紝浠讳綍浼佷笟鍙鐢ㄧ編鍏冭浠风璁㈠悎鍚岋紝鎴栬€呬粎浠呴€氳繃璁惧湪缇庡浗鐨勬湇鍔″櫒锛堝璋锋瓕閭鎴栧井杞偖绠憋級鏀跺彂銆佸瓨鍌紙鐢氳嚦鍙槸杩囧锛夐偖浠讹紝閮借瑙嗕负鍒╃敤浜嗕笌缇庡浗鐩稿叧鐨勫浗闄呰锤鏄撳伐鍏凤紝缇庡浗鏈夋潈灏嗗叾绾冲叆fcpa鐨勭杈栬寖鍥淬€?/span>

 

涓轰簡瀵绘眰fcpa鐨勫煙澶栨晥鍔涳紝涔熶负浜嗛伩鍏嶁€滃崟杈光€濅箣寮婏紝涓€鏂归潰锛岀編鍥戒笉鏂帹鍔?/span>fcpa鐨勫浗闄呭寲锛屽厛鍚庝績鎴愩€婄編娲插弽鑵愯触鍏害銆嬨€併€婃墦鍑绘秹鍙婃娲插叡鍚屼綋瀹樺憳鎴栨娲茶仈鐩熸垚鍛樺浗瀹樺憳鐨勮厫璐ヨ涓哄叕绾︺€嬨€併€婅仈鍚堝浗鍙嶈厫璐ュ叕绾︺€嬬瓑澶氳竟鍏害鐨勭缃诧紝鍙︿竴鏂归潰锛屽嚑涔庢墍鏈夌殑娆ф床鍥藉鍜岀粡鍚堢粍缁囨垚鍛樺浗閮介€氳繃鍥藉唴绔嬫硶鐨勬柟寮忎笌fcpa褰㈡垚浜掑姩锛屽皢璐胯祩娴峰鍏亴浜哄憳鐨勮涓鸿瀹氫负鐘姜锛岃€屼笖锛屼竴浜涘浗瀹剁殑鍒戞硶涔熸涓嶅惈绯婂湴瑙勫畾浜嗙被浼?/span>fcpa涓€鏍风殑鍩熷鏁堝姏銆傝繖鏍风殑灞€闈紝涓嶄粎璁╃編鍥藉湪寰堝ぇ绋嬪害涓婃憜鑴变簡鈥滃徃娉曞己鏉冣€滀箣绫荤殑璇熺梾锛屼篃璁╂儵娌诲浗闄呭晢浜嬮鍩熻纯璧傜姱缃殑鍊¤鑾峰緱浜嗗箍娉涚殑鏀寔銆?/span>fcpa鐨勫浗闄呭奖鍝嶅姏鐢辨鍙涓€鏂戙€?/span>

 

濡傛灉璇?/span>fcpa涓虹編鍥界殑鈥滈暱鑷傜杈栤€濇彁渚涗簡娉曞緥渚濇嵁锛岃€屼腑鎯呭眬閬嶅竷鍏ㄧ悆鐨勮€崇洰鍒欎负绠¤緰鐨勮惤鍦版敹闆嗕簡澶ч噺鐨勭姜璇併€傜編鍥芥儏鎶ユ満鏋勪笉浠呭彲浠ヤ笌璋锋瓕銆佽劯涔︾瓑鏁板瓧浼佷笟鍒嗕韩淇℃伅锛屾洿鍊熷姪swift绯荤粺瀵归摱琛岄棿鐨勬敮浠樺拰缁撶畻娲炶嫢瑙傜伀锛屽緢澶氳嚜瑙嗛殣绉樼殑璐胯祩琛屼负涔嬫墍浠ヨ鍙戠幇锛屾亹鎬曚笌涔嬩笉鏃犲叧绯汇€?/span>

 

鍥?/span>

 

鐨€堕瞾榻愭鏄湪杩欐牱鐨勮儗鏅笅韪忎笂浜嗚繖娈典笉褰掓梾绋嬨€傚浠栨墍瑷€锛屼箣鍓嶏紝浠栧fcpa涓€鏃犳墍鐭ャ€傛洿瑕佸懡鐨勬槸锛屼粬瀵规硶鍥戒负鍛煎簲fcpa鍜岀浉鍏冲浗闄呭叕绾﹁€屽埗瀹氱殑鐩稿叧鍒戜簨娉曞緥涔熶竴鏃犳墍鐭ワ紝姝f槸鍥犱负娉曞浗鍒戞硶璁ゅ彲浜嗗澶栧浗鍏亴浜哄憳琛岃纯鐨勮涓哄睘浜庣姱缃涓猴紝鎵嶄娇寰楃編鍥藉徃娉曢儴闂ㄥ鐨€堕瞾榻愮殑闂姜涓嶆倴浜?/span>fcpa瑙勫畾鐨勨€滃弻閲嶇姱缃€濆師鍒欍€傚弽涔嬶紝濡傛灉娉曞浗鍒戞硶鏃犳瑙勫畾锛屽垯鏋勬垚fcpa椤逛笅鐨勨€滅н鏋佹姉杈╀簨鐢便€?/span>

 

鍦ㄧ毊鑰堕瞾榻愮湅鏉ワ紝鍖呮嫭娉曞浗鍦ㄥ唴鐨勭粡鍚堢粍缁囨垚鍛樺浗鍚屾剰绛剧讲銆婄姝㈠湪鍥介檯鍟嗕笟浜ゆ槗涓纯璧傚鍥藉叕鑱屼汉鍛樺叕绾︺€嬫棤寮備簬鎺夎繘浜嗛櫡闃憋紝鈥滃畠瀹為檯涓婃槸鎺堟潈缇庡浗鍙互璧疯瘔璇ュ浗鐨勪紒涓氾紝鍗存病鏈夊姙娉曚娇鐢ㄦ硶寰嬫墜娈垫姤澶嶇編鍥戒紒涓氣€滐紝鍥犱负杩欎簺鍥藉缂轰箯棰佸竷鍩熷娉曞緥鐨勬墜娈靛拰閲庡績銆?/span>

 

鐨€堕瞾榻愯繕璁や负锛岄樋灏旀柉閫氱殑娑夌姜锛屽苟鍥犳娈冨強鍒颁粬鏈汉锛屾槸涓€娆?/span>鈥滃交澶村交灏剧殑鏁茶瘓鈥滐紝缇庡浗鐨勭嫾瀛愰噹蹇冩槸杩娇闃垮皵鏂€氭敮浠樹竴绗斿彶鏃犲墠渚嬬殑宸ㄩ缃氭锛屽苟涔樻満甯姪缇庡浗閫氱敤鐢垫皵鍏徃浠ヤ綆浠锋敹璐樋灏旀柉閫氱殑鏍稿績璧勪骇锛岃繖浜涙牳蹇冭祫浜ц瑙嗕负闃垮皵鏂€氣€滀笅閲戣泲鐨勬瘝楦♀€濄€傚湪鐨€堕瞾榻愮湅鏉ワ紝缇庡浗澶勫績绉檻鍦版互鐢ㄦ硶寰嬪拰閬撳痉锛屽皢瀹冧滑浣滀负缁忔祹姝﹀櫒锛屽悜娉曞浗鐢氳嚦娆ф床鍙戣捣浜嗕竴鍦虹瀵嗘垬浜夛紝鑰岃繖浜涘浗瀹朵技涔庤繕娴戠劧涓嶈銆?/span>

 

鐨€堕瞾榻愮殑鈥滅編鍥介槾璋嬭鈥滆鎴戝€嶆劅鑰崇啛銆備綔涓鸿鑰咃紝鍗翠笉鍏嶄骇鐢熺枒闂細鐨€堕瞾榻愪綔涓轰竴涓櫘閫氭硶鍥戒汉灏氳兘娲炴倝鐨勨€滅編鍥介槾璋嬧€濓紝涓轰綍鎷ユ湁浼楀鎯呮姤閮ㄩ棬鐨勬硶鍥斤紙褰撶劧杩樺寘鎷叾浠栧浗瀹讹級鍗存鏃犲療瑙夛紵闈㈠鏄捐€屾槗瑙佺殑鈥滅編鍥介櫡闃扁€濓紝涓轰綍浼楀鍙戣揪鍥藉鍗磋浠ョ缃插叕绾︽垨淇敼绔嬫硶绛夋柟寮忕珵鐩歌繋鍚堬紵绌跺叾绛旀锛屾垜浠啛鎮夌殑鏌愮鎬濈淮鎴栬浼氬皢杩欎簺鍥藉鏂ヤ负鈥滆蛋鐙椻€濄€備絾鍙︽湁涓€绉嶇瓟妗堟亹鎬曟洿瓒嬪悎鐞嗭細杩欐槸甯︽湁缇庡浗鐗硅壊鐨勨€滄硶寰嬮櫡闃扁€濓紝鑰屼笉鏄墍璋撯€滅編鍥介櫡闃扁€濄€傛垨鍦ㄧ浉鍏冲浗瀹剁湅鏉ワ紝闃垮皵鏂€氱殑娑夌姜锛屾棤闈炴槸涓€涓紒涓氱殑涓戦椈锛岃€岄潪鐨€堕瞾榻愰紦鍣殑鎵€璋撯€滃浗瀹朵笐闂烩€濄€傞潰瀵逛竴涓徃娉曚簨浠讹紝娉曞浗鏀垮簻灏嗏€滃嚡鎾掍簨鈥濆拰鈥滄硶瀹樹簨鈥濆尯鍒嗗緱娉炬腑鍒嗘槑銆傚姝わ紝鐨€堕瞾榻愪綔涓哄綋浜嬩汉锛屽緢闅剧悊瑙e叾涓殑娣辨剰銆?/span>

 

鑷充簬鐨€堕瞾榻愯川鐤戦€氱敤鍏徃鏄暣涓浠剁殑骞曞悗鎺ㄦ墜锛岀敋鑷冲0绉?/span>鈥滅編鍥藉徃娉曢儴鍙楁帶浜庣編鍥藉己澶х殑璺ㄥ浗鍏徃鈥濓紝涔︿腑鏈浠や汉淇℃湇鐨勮瘉鎹€傚父瑷€閬擄紝鍟嗗満濡傛垬鍦猴紝瀵规墜鐨勫け瓒充究鏄嚜宸辩殑鍟嗘満锛屼竴涓嚭鐜颁笐闂诲苟鍥犳闄峰叆鍥板眬鐨勪紒涓氳绔炰簤瀵规墜鏀惰喘鎴栧吋骞讹紝闅鹃亾涓嶆槸鍟嗙晫鍙哥┖瑙佹儻鐨勭幇璞′箞锛熸槗瑷€涔嬶紝杩欑鈥滀箻浜轰箣鍗扁€濓紝鏄鍒欏厑璁哥殑銆傛洿浣曞喌锛屼竴濡傜毊鑰堕瞾榻愭墍瑷€锛氱編鍥界殑鍙告硶鏄浉瀵归€忔槑鐨勶紝闃垮皵鏂€氭秹缃殑淇℃伅鍙互鑷敱鏌ラ槄锛岃繖璁╅€氱敤鍏徃鍦ㄩ€夋嫨浜ゆ槗鐨勫晢鏈烘柟闈紝鏄惧緱娓稿垉鏈変綑銆備粎浠庤〃闈笂鐪嬶紝杩欑鍗曟柟鐨勪紭鍔匡紝浜堜汉鎵嬬溂閫氬ぉ鐨勫嵃璞★紝骞朵笉涓烘€€?/span>

 

浜?/span>

 

銆婄編鍥介櫡闃便€嬬畝鐩村氨鏄竴閮ㄧ毊鑰堕瞾榻愮殑琛€娉彶锛屽敖绠′粬璇曞浘灏嗗叾鎻忕粯鎴?/span>

 

娉曞浗涔冭嚦娆ф床鍥藉鐨勮娉彶锛屼絾杩欎簺鍥藉浼间箮骞朵笉涔拌处銆傛洿纭垏鍦拌锛岄潰瀵?/span>鈥滅編鍥介櫡闃扁€濓紝浠栫殑绁栧浗骞舵湭鍍忎粬涓€鏍峰ぇ鎯婂皬鎬紝鏇存病鏈夆€滀负瀹冨け鍘荤殑鍥戒箣閲嶅櫒鎭稿摥涓嶅凡鈥濄€傛伆鎭扮浉鍙嶏紝鍦ㄩ€氱敤鍏徃鏀惰喘闃垮皵鏂€氭牳蹇冭祫浜х殑鏈€鍚庡鎵归樁娈碉紝娉曞浗鏀垮簻鏁︿績娆х洘灏藉揩鎵瑰噯姝ら」浜ゆ槗锛屼互閬垮厤缇庡浗鍙告硶閮ㄥ闃垮皵鏂€氱殑璧疯瘔銆傝繖鏄竴绉嶄綋闈㈢殑鍗辨満搴斿涔嬮亾锛屼笌鍏惰缁充箣浠ユ硶锛屼笉濡傝绔嬪煄涓嬩箣鐩燂紝鍚庤€呮瘯绔熸槸涓€绉嶇敓鎰忥紝灏氫笉鑷充簬棰滈潰鎵湴銆?/span>

 

鏈川涓婄湅锛屾硶鍥戒箖鑷宠タ鏂瑰浗瀹跺浜庣編鍥界殑鈥滈暱鑷傜杈栨潈鈥濇槸蹇冩湁鐏电妧鐨勩€備粬浠苟涓嶈涓虹編鍥芥鍦ㄥ彂鍔ㄦ棬鍦ㄦ帬澶鸿嚜宸辫储瀵岀殑鎵€璋撯€滅瀵嗘垬浜夆€濓紝鎹㈠彞璇濊锛屼粬浠俊浠诲北濮嗗ぇ鍙斻€傚洜涓猴紝浜屾垬涔嬪悗锛岀編鍥界殑鍥藉姏濡傛棩涓ぉ锛岃€岃タ鏂瑰浗瀹跺垯濂勫涓€鎭紝濡傛灉缇庡浗鏋滅湡鏈夋鐚績鑲狅紝褰撳垵鎶婅繖浜涘浗瀹惰俯鍦ㄨ剼涓嬫槗濡傚弽鎺屻€傛鎵€璋撴様涓嶆笖澶猴紝浠婁綍渚电墴锛熻繖浜涘浗瀹堕兘鎷ユ湁绫讳技fcpa鐨勫浗鍐呯珛娉曪紝鍙槸鍥夸簬鍙告硶璧勬簮鐨勪笉娴庯紝鑷繁鐨勬墜涓嶅彲鑳戒几寰楀お闀跨舰浜嗐€傛棦鐒朵笘鐣岀粡娴庝竴浣撳寲闇€瑕佺浉鍚岀殑绉╁簭锛岀浉鍚岀殑绉╁簭灏遍渶瑕佷竴浣撳寲鐨勬父鎴忚鍒欙紝杩欏澶у閮芥湁鍒┿€傞棶棰樻槸锛岃皝鍫綋娓告垙瑙勫垯鐨勬墽琛岃€咃紵鏄撹█涔嬶紝璋佸牚褰撯€滀笘鐣岃瀵熲€濓紵鎭愭€曢潪灞卞澶у彅鑾睘锛岃皝鍙畠璐㈠ぇ姘旂矖鍛紒璁ゅ悓杩欑浠峰€艰鐨勫浗瀹惰嚜鐒朵箰瑙佸叾鎴愶紝涔熶箰浜叾鎴愩€傚綋鐏壀钀藉湪鑴氳儗涓婏紝瀵逛簬宸茬粡閫掍簡鎶曞悕鐘剁殑娉曞浗锛屽張鎬庝箞濂芥剰鎬濇姢鐭憿銆?/span>

 

 

閫忚繃銆婄編鍥介櫡闃便€嬬殑瀛楅噷琛岄棿锛岃鑰呰兘澶熸劅鍙楀埌鐨€堕瞾榻愭棤鎵€涓嶅湪鐨勬€ㄦ皵銆備粬鎶辨€?/span>fcpa鏄伓娉曪紝鏄編鍥借皨姹傚叏鐞冮湼鏉冪殑宸ュ叿锛涗粬鎶辨€ㄦ瀵熷畼鈥滅敤蹇冮櫓鎭垛€濓紱浠栨姳鎬ㄦ硶瀹樷€滃畬缇庡湴浣撶幇浜嗙編鍥藉紡铏氫吉鈥濓紱浠栨姳鎬ㄨ嚜宸卞湪鐪嬪畧鎵€鐨勫緟閬囧鍚屸€滃叧濉旈偅鎽╃洃鐙遍噷鐨勭姱浜衡€濓紱浠栨姳鎬ㄧ編鍥藉徃娉曞厖婊¢摐鑷懗鐨勨€滆京璇変氦鏄撳埗搴︹€濓紱浠栨姳鎬ㄨ嚜宸辨垚浜嗛樋灏旀柉閫氱姱缃殑鏇跨姜缇婏紝鑰岀湡姝g殑缃瓉绁搁鍗村眳鐒堕€冧箣澶き锛涗粬鐢氳嚦鎶辨€ㄨ嚜宸辩殑绁栧浗鏈兘鎸鸿韩鑰屽嚭锛屾嫰鏁戞湰鍥界殑浼佷笟鍜屽瓙姘戜簬姘寸伀涔嬩腑銆傗€斺€斾粬鍞竴娌℃湁鎶辨€紝涔熸棤娉曟姳鎬ㄧ殑鏄編鍥藉徃娉曢儴瀵归樋灏旀柉閫氭秹瀚岃璐跨姱缃殑鎸囨帶锛氬湪2000-2011骞撮棿锛岄樋灏旀柉閫氱疮璁″悜澶栧浗鍏亴浜哄憳琛岃纯7500涓囩編鍏冪殑璐胯祩锛岃幏寰椾簡浠峰€?/span>40浜跨編鍏冪殑宸ヤ笟椤圭洰锛屼粠涓幏鍒?/span>3浜跨編鍏冦€傜毊鑰堕瞾榻愪笉寰椾笉鎵胯锛岀編鍥戒汉鏀堕泦璇佹嵁鐨勮€愬績鍜岃兘鍔涗护浜哄徆涓鸿姝紝浠栦滑鏃犳剰鍊熷姪鍒戣閫间緵鎴栫柌鍔冲璁瓑涓嬩笁婊ョ殑鎵嬫硶鍘绘挰寮€鐘姜瀚岀枒浜虹殑鍙o紝鑰屾槸涓嶆儨鍙叉捣閽╂矇锛屾寲鎺樺嚭琚瞾鏈堝皹灏佺殑閾惰杞处璁板綍鍜岀數瀛愰偖浠剁瓑宸ㄩ噺瀹㈣璇佹嵁锛岃浜烘棤浠庣嫛杈┿€傞潰瀵归搧鐨勪簨瀹烇紝闃垮皵鏂€氫笉寰椾笉璁ょ姜璁ょ綒锛屼互鏀粯7.72浜跨編鍏冪殑浠d环锛屾崲鍙栦笉琚捣璇夌殑浜ゆ槗鏍囩殑锛涚毊鑰堕瞾榻愪篃涓嶅緱涓嶄綆澶磋缃紝浠ヨ鍒?/span>30涓湀鏈夋湡寰掑垜鐨勪唬浠凤紝閬垮厤浜嗗緢鍙兘鏄嫤娴锋棤杈圭殑鐗㈢嫳涔嬬伨銆?/span>

 

鑷充粖锛岀毊鑰堕瞾榻愯繕璁や负鑷繁鐨勫叆缃槸绐﹀ē涔嬪啢锛氬湪閭d釜鍚戝嵃灏煎畼鍛樼殑琛岃纯妗堜腑锛岃嚜宸卞彧鏄緷鍏徃鐨勫懡浠ゅ弬涓庡叾闂达紱鑷繁涓嶈繃鏄竴涓棤瓒宠交閲嶇殑灏忚鑹诧紱鑷繁鍒嗘枃鏈彇鈥︹€﹁繖浜涜京瑙g湅浼艰█涔嬪嚳鍑匡紝鍗存樉寰楄媿鐧芥棤鍔涳紝杩炰粬鐨勫緥甯堜篃涓嶈鍙€傝鎬紝鍙兘鎬粬杩愭皵涓嶄匠锛屽湪涓€涓壒娈婄殑鏃剁偣锛屾妸鑷繁閫佽繘浜嗙編鍥藉徃娉曠殑铏庣嫾涔嬪彛銆?/span>

 

鍏?/span>

 

鐨€堕瞾榻愬甫鐫€鎯呯华鍐欎簡杩欐湰涔︼紝杩欑鎯呯华寰堝鏄撴劅鏌撹鑰咃紝灏ゅ叾鏄椂涓嬪績鎯呭鏉傜殑涓浗璇昏€呫€傚鏋滃綋鐪熷瓨鍦?/span>鈥滅編鍥介櫡闃扁€濓紝鑱槑浜哄簲璇ュ仛鐨勶紝灏辨槸閬垮厤韬櫡鍏朵腑銆傚鏋滀笉骞告繁闄峰叾涓紝鍒欏簲褰撶悊鎬у湴瀵绘眰鑴辫韩涔嬮亾锛岃€屼笉鏄紝鑷冲皯涓嶄富瑕佹槸鍊熷姪姘戠补鐨勯紦鍣潵鏇夸唬涓撲笟杩愪綔銆?/span>

 

鎰熻阿鑻﹀ぇ浠囨繁鐨勭毊鑰堕瞾榻愶紝涓烘垜浠甫鏉ヨ繖鏍蜂竴鏈暀绉戜功銆傛垜鏇存効鎰忔帴鍙楀畠鍛堢幇鐨勭煡璇嗭紝鑰屼笉鏄讥婕湪鏂囧瓧涓殑鎯呯华銆傝繖涓笘鐣岋紝涓嶆槸闈犳儏缁彲浠ユ敼鍙樼殑銆?/span>